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Yemens Internal and External Vulnerabilities

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This paper tells that Yemen boasts immensely diversebackground, from glorious valleysto flourishingareasand extensivebeautiful seashores, veilsouks, seasoning bazaars and prehistoric urban ramparts. Yemen was considered as Arabia Felix by the Romans gifted with hilly areas which famed the country and separated it from the rest of infertile wilderness of the desert area. Yemen appeared on the map of earth afterthe descent of the Great Roman kingdom, in the 17th century beneath the great authority ofthe Islamic religion and ideology. The northwestern and northeastern parts of the country are surrounded by Saudi Arabia. The eastern borders are shared with Oman while the south is located with the boundary of Gulf of Aden. Red Sea lies in the west. Yemen is chiefly hilly, supporting terraced cultivation. The dry coastal plains are fringed with sandy shorelines. Yemen is an aggressive state society. The reasons are vast like religion, natural imbalance, tribal-based social structures etc. All these sensitive problems have been extensively touched by the government’s non serious attitude which resulted in a serious country condition. It has been figured that Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is emerging from Yemen territory, the state which itself is facing a number of security and economic upheavals. Population of the country is plagued by the issues of unemployment, declining literacy rate and poverty. Natural resources are also getting scarce. It has been estimated that water reserves of Sana’a (Capital of Yemen) will de diminished till the year 2015 similarly oil resources are likely to run out near 2017. Moreover insurgency named Al Houthi operating in the northern Yemen and secessionists of southern Yemen both pose a threat to the government stability and adversely affecting security apparatus. Due to high levels of corruption and scarcity of resources Government is unable to address prevailing socio-economic issues.