Why Ecotourism Remains a Fundamentally Flawed Product

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The main reason for the relation between the prime industries is that tourism industries include a certain number of crucial elements that the tourists depend upon so that they can achieve the general (and in some cases specific) needs within the desired destination. &nbsp.(Fennell, 2003, p.1). These needs include cultural (e.g. historical sites, museums) and scenic beauty, festival, religious events and entertainment. (Fennell, 2003, p.2) Today, the global tourism industry has indeed become large and is rapidly expanding. It is believed that world tourism industry generated as many as 234 million jobs at the end of 2007. During the same period, its contribution to the total GDP was estimated at 10.3 per cent globally, but the concept of ecotourism does not necessarily include all these concepts distinctly under its definition. Modern ecotourism is believed to have begun in the year 1980s and eventually with its advent the tourism sector of countries like Ecuador, Nepal and Costa Rica flourished. (“The History of Ecotourism”, 2008). The main essence of ecotourism includes an inert passion for adventure and the pursuit of knowledge about a specific destination or location. Here the goals of mass-tourism and ecotourism differ to a great extent, as the goals and aims of two different tourism approaches are completely different. While conceptually sound, the practical realities are such that ecotourism remains a fundamentally flawed product
Ecotourism though not a new nature-based experience for tourists has gained its attention over the last two decades or so in terms of defining it specifically, isolating it from other types of tourism, and promoting it adhering to its various eco-friendly features. Ecotourism is basically a low impact nature tourism which aims at maintaining the species and habitat of the location. (Fennell, 2003, p.20). The basic motivation for an ecotourist is to visit some relatively undisturbed natural area with an objective of studying and observing the natural habitats. At a time when the world is reeling under the threat of global warming and rapid depletion and degradation of its limited resources, anything that is eco-friendly generates high hope and expectations. For these reasons, the concept of ecotourism is&nbsp.catching up fast with the ordinary man. This popularity eventually increases the number of visits per year.&nbsp.