being a highly influential cause for the consistent, substantial decline in crime rates in America between 1990 and 2015?
A) The reallocation of federal and state government funding from programs designed to control crime to human services and educational programs designed to prevent
B) A reduction in the severity and scope of punishments for both violent and property crimes
C) A return to more traditional methods of policing
D) Economic and demographic changes beyond the control of criminal justice policymakers