Whether or not to Prepare for Disaster

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A disaster can take many forms such as terrorist attacks, earthquakes, snowstorms, floods, among others. Therefore, it iscrucialto make a decision on whether or not to prepare for a disaster before it occurs. Preparing for a disaster provides bettermanagementof crises and enables people to be well prepared when the actualdisasteroccurs. It also enables faster and effective response to disasters, and faster recovery ofbusinessafter a disaster. Moreover, it is necessary tocreatean emergency plan .ensureitis backeddaily on-site or off-site in a secure location (Ferrell and Linda, 2010). However, some people may notfindit necessary to prepare for disaster due to various reasons. Others may fail topreparedue to lack of resources like money and time. Hence, it advisable to choose thebestdecision making model in order to make aproperjudgment. This paper will explain how the 5-step decision making model can be used to make a decision on whether or not to prepare for disaster. The 5-step decision making model The 5-step model is straightforward and easy to use when making a decision compared to other models.It consumes less time than other models because it consists of only five steps to follow when making a decision.The first step is todefinethesituationor to identify the problem. …
It is the most time consumingstagein the process of decision making, which makes it a challenge to the decision maker. However, when it is not possible to get all the information, peopleare forcedto rely on their intuition. The third step involves gathering alternatives (Brassard and Ritter, 2010).When making a decision, there are other alternatives that a person can use.thus, it is necessary tolistother available options.The list shouldcontainother options that one is seriously considering and those thatfitthe main objective of the decision making process.Listing manyunnecessaryoptions only makes the decision making process more difficult than it should be,and alsoprolongs the time it shouldtaketo make a decision. After developing a list of other available alternatives, evaluate the options.This is the fourthstepwhich involves assessing and ranking of the listed options. Single out the most powerful options thendevelopa list of criterions to use when assessing these options. When ranking the options,choosean appropriatescalesuch as a 10pointor 100 point scale, depending on the complexity ofthedecisionand thetotal number of criterions thathave been usedtoassessthe options (Graduate school of business Administration, 2010).After ranking the options against the chosen criterion, assign weight followed byspecificscores to each option.Finally multiply the scale score with the assigned weights then add the total scores of each option and make a decision. The decision makingstepis the finalstagewhen making a decision using the 5-step model. However, it is the most difficult step that many