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What is Sustainable Agriculture

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This paper tells that a growing movement has emerged during the past two decades to question the role of the agricultural establishment in promoting practices that contribute to these social problems. This movement is known as sustainable agriculture. Sustainable agriculture not only address many environmental and social concerns, but it offers innovative and economically viable opportunities for growers, laborers, consumers, policymakers and many others in the entire food system. Therefore Sustainable agriculture is a way of raising food healthy for consumers and animals, respects animals, does not harm the environment, is humane for workers, provides a fair wage to the farmer, and supports and enhances rural communities. Sustainable agriculture is different from industrial agriculture in many ways explained in the paper. A recent survey indicated that only about 16% of the world’s farmland remains free of problems especially the spread of chemical pollution. Rather than growing food to meet the needs of local communities for a healthy, diverse diet, industrial agriculture produces crops to sell on world markets. This agriculture uses costly farm chemicals and machinery. While world crop production has trebled since the 1950s, more people go hungry now as 20 years ago. Small family farmers are driven off their land and local people cannot afford to buy what is grown. Therefore, the result is a downward spiral of environmental destruction, poverty, and hunger, and for this reason, only sustainable farming practice is at the heart of the survival of mankind.