What is Dualism Why is it rejected by science

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The reasons due to which dualism is criticized as that it promotes cognition. Scientists do not agree on the notion forwarded by dualism because they believe that the process if introspection is quite prejudiced and they even reject formulae of mathematics as they believe that both the ways of inquiry are not sufficient to test. Scientists even disagree with dualist because of a strong association between the neural as well as the cognitive events. The last reason due to which scientists argue against dualism is because dualism believes that there is a world that is not physical in nature.There are various ways through which the interaction of the mind and the body can be studied. One of these ways is dualism which simply states that both the cognitive as well as physical events exist together (Hergenhahn, 2009). Different forms of dualism exist and these forms either argue that the mind and the body interact together or they argue that both the states are independent of each other. For example interactionism argues that there is a causal relationship between both the physical and the mental being and one influences the other (Hergenhahn, 2009). Another form of dualism is emergentism which holds the position that an individual’s status of cognition is derived from their condition of brain (Hergenhahn, 2009). A third form is psychological parallelism which states that both the mental and the physical state operate independent of one and other, but they both operate alongside each other (Hergenhahn, 2009). Fourth form of dualism is double aspectism which states that there is no causal relationship between both the mind and the body, but they exist in one single system and cannot be divided (Hergenhahn, 2009).There have been various researchers who have focused on the concept of dualism to explain the principle. One such researcher was Rene Descartes that both the cognition as well as the physical body are two separate entities (Hergenhahn, 2009). He has