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Week 2 Paper Video ResourcesBelow are some videos that offer additional information about each theme you can cover for the week 2 paper.  The videos will give you useful material you can integrate into this paper.Verbal Communication – Language. There are two video options for this one.1) Language and Thought:Boroditsky, B.  (2017, November).  How language shapes the way we think.  TEDWomen.  Retrieved July 14, 2019 from This video explores the ways language shapes patterns of thinking, from assigning blame to categorizing color.  Cognitive scientist Lera Borowotski explains that thought is likely impossible without language and it structures our sense of reality. As you watch, think about the links between language and values, traditions, and norms.2) Linguistic prejudice:Lieberman, M.  (2014, November 12).  Sociolinguistics and dialects.  The Ling Space. Retrieved August 20, 2019 from Linguist Moti Lieberman explains the idea of dialects and contends that all are equal, from a scientific position.  However, through class, age, region, religion, or other factors, some can frame theirs as superior or “proper,” while others are not (a type of prejudice).  This is true of African American Vernacular English specifically.  As you watch, think about whether one should be strategic about how they speak in different contexts to achieve their goals.Nonverbal communication Riccardi, P.  (2014, October 21).  Cross cultural communication.  TED X – Bergen.  Retrieved July 14, 2019 from An Italian who lived in England and then moved to Norway discusses the many cultural differences he has witnessed.  As you watch, focus on the ways he addresses nonverbal cues specifically.Perceptual FiltersTero Trainers. (2016, November 8).  What is the difference between a high-context and low-context culture.  Retrieved September 30, 2019 from Context CulturesInterfacet Training.  (2010, June 18).  Cultural dimension: me or we.  Retrieved September 30, 2019 from There are four video options to learn more about communication and gender.1) Gender and CredibilityChemaly, S. (2015, July 28).  The credibility gap: How sexism shapes human knowledge.  TEDx: Barcelona Women.  Retrieved March 19, 2019 from Professor Soraya Chemaly argues that sexism structures the world.  As you watch, consider the ways implicit bias might be linked to biased language.  Focus on the verbal and nonverbal elements and how culture structures both our ideas, knowledge, and our lives. Think about the idea of credibility specifically and how this is linked to the principles of effective communication addressed in week 1.  This leads to different experiences for women or men.  2) Gender, communication, and the brainScott, S. (2014, July 31).  Men, women and language – a story of human speech.  TED: UCL Women.  Retrieved March 18, 2019 from Neuroscientist Sophie Scott disputes many of the claims others have made about how gender impacts patterns of communication.  After discussing the complex process for even making language, Scott explains that we all use conversation as a type of “social grooming” and that men and women do it equally.3) Gender and Different StylesNelson, A.  (2014, April 30).  A paradigm for understanding how men and women communicate.  Retrieved August 21, 2019 from  Communication specialist Audrey Nelson addresses discusses some basic differences between men and women speaking patterns and how we should process these different forms of communication.  Specifically, she outlines how women tend to be more indirect and men more direct, that men are more goal-oriented and women more process—oriented, men are more content-oriented and women are more feeling-oriented, and men are more self-oriented and women more other-oriented.  Think of how these are connected to Bevan’s points.4) Learning gendered communication at a young ageTannen, D.  (2013, December 27).  Gender-specific language rituals.  Retrieved July 14, 2019 from Here, psychologist Deborah Tannen talks about some of her ideas about how children learn patterns of communication covered in Bevan.  As you watch, think about whether her key points still stand in the 21st century.Race and Ethnicity:
Like it or not, one of the primary ways we classify ourselves and others is through race and ethnicity.  If you choose this option, you will address how race and ethnicity influences our primary and secondary identity and how this in-turn influences patterns of communication.  There are two video options you can choose from:1) Racial Literacy:Volchi, P. & Guo, W.  (2017, November).  What it takes to be racially literate.  TEDWomen.  Retrieved July 14, 2019 from Here, two high school students, Priya Vulchi and Winona Guo report on that race means and how we need to develop what they call racial literacy.  Two important things are the value of effective interpersonal conversations and self-control.2) Focusing on similarity over difference:Nimenya, S.  (2016).  We are not all that different: Race and culture identity.  Retrieved August 26, 2019 from Activist Seconde Nimenya addresses the idea of “difference” specifically, and how it intersects with race and ethnicity, especially in the United States.  She chooses being better over being “bitter.”  This allowed her to try to create bridges between cultures.  Pay close attention to what she has to say about the idea of “difference” and how the cultural training we receive that focuses on difference can lead to stereotypes and biases.  She shares three strategies for how we can use to celebrate difference as a value to achieve tolerance and peace.Social classOn being tribes:Alvarez, L. & Kolker, A.  (2001, September 23).  Episode One: A nation of tribes.  People like us.  The Center for New American Media, WETA, and Independent Television Series.  Retrieved July 14, 2019 from In the United States, most people envision that we are classless or that almost everyone is “middle class.”  But social class does exist and is not just based on income we make, but also influences how we speak, how we move, where we live, media use patterns, the products we purchase, and hobbies we enjoy.  Here we learn how social class subtly divides us into “tribes” and unites us within those units as well.  When you watch, think about the role of both verbal and nonverbal cues in this classification system and the ways people talk about others.