Running Head: Vulnerable Populations Vulnerable Populations [Institute’s INTRODUCTION People who have the propensity of being physically or psychologically offended by nature of their residential place, financial conditions, age, developmental or practical status, health, personal characteristics, communication skill, and presence of persistent disability or illness refer to vulnerable population (Kartikeyan, 2007). According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), when vulnerable population was compared with the common population, major differences has been recognized in terms of morbidity, disease incidence, mortality, prevalence and rate of survival (Kartikeyan, 2007). Besides this, vulnerable population also refers to those whose needs are unfilled by the conventional service providers. Due to this reason, vulnerable population refers to people whom percept that in case of any danger or disaster, they cannot take help from the available resources of recovery and relief. Vulnerable population includes people who are mentally or physically disabled (deaf, cognitive disorders, blind, hard of hearing, mobility limitations), culturally or geographically isolated, chemically or medically dependent and homeless (Kartikeyan, 2007). PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/ AIDS AND VULNERABILITY: Different combinations of personal factors, such as social mobility, age, education, gender identity etc are a reason for vulnerability to HIV. Besides this, gender discrimination, status, and inadequacy of services are also the cause. Since vulnerable population has low access to the protection and safety tools, they have limited ability to use the prevention tools for HIV (Kartikeyan, 2007). The deadly disease of AIDS and HIV is being fueled by inequalities across ethnicity class, gender, age, and race. The degree of impact is based on several factors such as demographic crimes, natural disasters, incapacities of state, armed fights, degradation in surrounding, poverty, and famine. The effects of this dangerous disease on girls and women are extremely dangerous. During the third decade of the HIV pandemic, the growing group of infected and affected people by HIV was of young girls and women. Women between the ages of fifteen to twenty-four years constitute nearly half of the HIV population around the globe. Besides this, this rate of positive HIV in women is much larger in sub-Sahara Africa where the probability of having HIV in women is three times greater than that of young men. Women and girls in many societies face social and cultural pressures. due to this, they turn themselves vulnerable to HIV. For instance, many cultures restrict women’s and girls’ of getting knowledge regarding sexual and reproductive health (Kartikeyan, 2007). In recent times, the epidemiology of the deadly disease has been explained principally in behavioral biomedical and terms. More consideration is now towards the economic, political, and social factors that shape individual behavior and the efficiency of responses. However, without understanding the profoundly rooted cultural and social norms, which augment risks for young women, girls and several other populations at risk, the collision of HIV deterrence will keep on reducing as the epidemic unfolds more generations (Huba, 2011). For addressing the pandemic’s gender dimensions and the implications for practitioners as well as policy makers, it is imperative to have a detailed understanding regarding the different ways to support communities and families as they intervene in the epidemic’s repercussions for academic planning, reproductive decision making, restructuring of house, intergenerational and gender relations, civic participation and financial status. In the same way, it is the urgent need to build up the awareness compulsory to fortify national response capacities so that those with elevated impact by HIV and AIDS do not also have to bear its related burdens. It is imperative to understand the Aids epidemics in medical as well as socio-cultural terms (Huba, 2011). The policies adopted by Iran have revealed that a customizable approach is necessary for the HIV and AIDS because of the distinctive characteristics of this disease. Socio-political and historical contexts offer vital access to the dynamics of the pandemic. Consideration of the semantic relays in the AIDS and HIV discourses adjoining, illuminating and attempting to interfere in the outbreak is essential (Huba, 2011). Uniformly essential is to consider the route of the development of an endemic in an assessment of the psychology of sex, speech and specialized discourses. According to various number of specialized Physicians who did research in HIV and AIDS, there were around one hundred thousand cases of the acquired immunodeficiency condition (AIDS) to confined and state fitness departments in the United States ever since 1981 (Godinho, 2004).This includes thirty –four thousand recent cases of only twelve months. Examination of HIV and AIDS in the United States accounts for almost sixty percent of cases reported to the World Health Organization by 152 states, both the level of the individual immunodeficiency virus (HIV) endemic in this nation and the comprehensiveness of the treatment in comparison with the rest of the countries. Previously in this decade, transfusion recipients, intravenous drug users, heterosexual partners, homosexual men, gave information related to HIV and infants (Burbank, 2006) and features of HIV and AIDS in advance on the detection of this deadly disease. A therapy known as antiretroviral therapy ART, during the last five years revealed that the mortality rates were (8–26%), and many of the people died in the early stage. Not much fruitful results came out. Effective steps are necessary in order to stop this deadly disease from spreading more and more (Burbank, 2006). REFERENCES Burbank, P. M. (2006). Vulnerable Older Adults: Health Care Needs and Interventions. Springer Publishing Company. Godinho, J. (2004). HIV/Aids and Tuberculosis in Central Asia: Country Profiles. World Bank Publications. Huba, G. J. (2011). Evaluating HIV/Aids Treatment Programs: Innovative Methods and Findings. Routledge. Kartikeyan, S. (2007). HIV and AIDS: Basic Elements and Priorities. Springer.