US Welfare Policy State Class and Gender Dimensions

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health care. The term neo-liberalism, however, is a term often used by the enemies of the term rather than by its friends . Although the term has started to be popular in 1989, the beginnings of neo-liberalist advocacies were much earlier. For Wacquant, neo-liberalization is also the penalization of poverty that is in contrast with the welfare advocates concern for lifting people out of poverty. Neo-liberalism is a development of classical liberalism that originated in seventeeth-century England. According to Abramovitz, liberalism held that the competitive pursuit of individual self-interest in a market free of government regulation would maximize personal and societal benefits. Abramovitz associated liberalism with Adam Smith whose views was expanded to mean that the market, rather than the state, should be the regulator of society. Meanwhile, liberal feminism accepts liberal political theory but argues that its practice excludes women. … and more equitable divorce laws, and against pregnancy discrimination, rape, incest, wife battering, and other features of family life that negatively affect women (Abramovitz, 1996, p. 22). Abramovitz (1996, p. 22) pointed out that in contrast with neoliberalism and liberalism, feminist liberalism has moved away from traditional liberal concepts. Great Depression of the 1930s and Welfare Programs In evaluating the US welfare policy, it is important to point out that the mainstream perspectives on US welfare policy are usually centered on class, state, and gender dimensions (Mink, 2001, p. 17). However, Mink (2001, p. 21) pointed out that there is a need for racism-centered perspective on U.S. welfare policy. In our rapid review of the US welfare policy, we try to factor to factor in the state, gender, class, and race dimensions of the US welfare policy. The severe depression of the 1930s made Federal action on welfare (US Social Security Administration, 2011, p. 2). According to the US Social Welfare Administration or SSA, beginning in 1932, the United States granted loans then grants for states to pay direct relief and work relief (p. 2). In 1934, President Franklin Roosevelt proposed to Congress to consider the recommendations of the Committee on Economic Security that he created that was instrumental for passage of and signing of the Social Security Act into a law on 14 August 1935 (US Social Security Administration, 2011, p. 2). The Social Security Act of August 1935 created an insurance program to meet the risks associated with ageing and unemployment (US Social Security Administration, 2011, p. 3). The 1935 law also provided federal grants to states in their old age assistance and assistance to the blind (US Social Security Administration, 2011, p. 3).