Understanding the Child Psychology

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It was initially thought that object permanence evolved at the age of eight months, however, studies have shown that babies develop object permanence sooner (Brain and Mukherji 1-2). The scientific methods used can comprise experiments such as testing for object permanence or they can be in the form of questionnaires asking people questions regarding the subject of interest. The less scientific methods used to study child psychology include observations, case studies or interviews. Historically it was thought that children were only the smaller versions of adults and did not differ from them a lot. However, Jean Piaget was the first to suggest that children actually think differently from adults and although it was a simple discovery, it was quite important in laying the foundations of child psychology (Cherry). The child psychology is the integrative study of social aspects of the child, cultural development, socioeconomic context along with the internal thoughts of the child, internal factors such as genetics, personal characteristics and environmental factors as well.
The social context of child psychology is also very important as relationships with friends and adults greatly affect the children and also how they learn new things, develop and think. Not only friends but family, schools and other social circles make an important part of the social context. The culture the child lives in is equally important as it sets principles, morals, customs, ways of livings and shared assumptions for the child. Not only in childhood, cultural context is an important part of development and influence throughout one’s lifespan. Culture also plays a critical role in defining the education levels of the child, relationship with the parents and also the type of child care that is provided.