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Understanding Children’s Behavior

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According to Freud, children go through the oral stage during their first year of life (Bocock, 2002). This is the stage in which the mouth is their main source of pleasure through tasting, sucking and eating. Erikson defines the same period as a period in which children develop trust or mistrust for their caregivers.
From 1-3 years of age, Fraud’s theory states that children pass through the anal stage in which they develop a sense of competence and mastery by controlling their bowel and bladder movements. But according to Erikson, in this age group, the children are at the autonomy versus doubt stage where they develop the sense to be self-sufficient by developing control activities like toilet training, talking and eating (Sigelman &amp. Rider, 2008).
Fraud’s theory calls the 3-6 years of age stage the phallic stage. The phallic stage involves children focusing their libido energy on the genitals. The children also begin identifying with their parents of the same sex. Erikson, however, calls this stage the initiative versus guilt stage in which children develop more control over the environment surrounding them.
Between the ages of seven and eleven, children are in the latent period. This is according to Freud who states that children suppress the libido energy at this stage and begin focusing their attention and energies on other activities like hobbies, friends, and school. Erikson though, states that the children are at the industry versus inferiority stage in which they develop competency skills by gaining new skills (Sigelman &amp. Rider, 2008).&nbsp.