Two Water Provision Methods in Saudi Arabia

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Its located in one of the driest areas that are covered with approximately more than 90% by deserts with very few lakes and rivers to obtain the freshwater in order to sustain a population of 25.7 million. Its average annual precipitation ranges from 80mm-140mm (Depledge 208). This report aims at comparing two feasible water provision methods that should be enacted in Saudi Arabia. The two proposed methods are water recycling and desalination with respect to basic two requirements, environmental impact and cost. Through the comparison and analysis, I will suggest which of the aforementioned methods best suites in Saudi Arabia. Water recycling is the managing and treating of the industrial, agricultural or urban wastewater with the objective of removing sediments, organic matters, chemicals, and other impurities (Hussain, Ghulam, and Adnan 245). In order to efficiently and effectively produce water that can be controlled and used in Saudi Arabia, there are few rivers and lakes to provide the water. This, therefore, calls for water recycling as a feasible method to be used in this area. Desalination is the process of removing dissolved solids or salts from water. It also involves getting rid of the organic, chemical or biological compounds. Desalination is majorly based on the membrane separation or thermal distillation technologies (Abd El Aleem 20) Desalination requires high energy and since Saudi Arabia has sufficient solar energy, oil, and gas, then it’s the feasible method of water provision to be used in Saudi Arabia. For any water supply in any region, the cost is an essential ingredient to its success. Saudi Arabia in specific requires cost as a basic requirement for the provision.