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Truman and Cold War America

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Republican Senator Joseph McCarthy and the House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) claimed that American institutions were filled with disloyal Americans which limited civil liberties, dissent, and social change. After Roosevelt’s death, it was Truman’s responsibility to finish the war and maintain world peace. Truman’s approach was much harsher than Roosevelt and held that The Soviet Union needs us more than we need them. Truman and other American leaders took the paths of international cooperation and deterrence based on military strength to world peace. But not all nations accepted this view. The Soviets wanted to be treated as a major power and wanted to continue the relationship of the Big Three. In September 1946, the Soviet ambassador in Washington, Nikolai Novikov, in a memorandum regarded the US as globally aggressive seeking to further its capitalistic goals and praised the Soviet for resisting the demands of the US. By the end of 1945, Truman expected the Soviets to accept American proposals more than halfway. In 1946, Soviet accused the US of poisoning the Soviet-American relations.
A Russian expert, George Kennan, describes Soviet Totalitarianism as weak in his long telegram. He argued that the Soviet leaders did not want war and recommended the policy of containment to deal with Soviet expansion attempts. Soon the democrats and the Republicans started educating the public about Soviet expansion threat putting an end to any possibility of isolationism. On March 5, 1946, Churchill openly condemned Soviet expansionism.