Tourism’s Influence on Ecological and Social Conditions in Tanzania

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Economic and social gains are offset by environmental degradation and uneven access to tourism capital. Tourists in Tanzania, like tourist worldwide, eat and sleep away from home, shop, and participate in leisure activities. These actions generate revenue for Tanzanians involved in the hospitality industry, and tourist income can pay for infrastructure that benefits the citizens of Tanzania. The jobs generated by the tourism industry are one of the main avenues in which tourism dollars are distributed, yet many tourist activities isolate visitors from locals, instead of keeping them secured on luxury hotel properties or private game reserves (Weaver, 1998). Much of the land in Tanzania is dedicated as Wildlife Protected Areas and is restricted to many of the people who once subsided on it. (Cater, 1995). Taken together the limited distribution of tourist dollars and the land restriction in the face of population growth serves to create resentment from Tanzanians who perceive no personal benefit to foreigners vacationing in their country.
Tourists take part some particular leisure activities such as Safari tours, big game hunting, beach going, and hiking- activities which differentiate them from the rest of the community. Certainly, not all tourists are foreigners, and domestic tourism to parks and monuments exists wherever special attractions exist. In Tanzania luxury travel and ecotourism are marketed towards foreigners who account for more than two-thirds of hotel beds occupies Ecotourism is an alternative to big game hunting and luxury hotels which use a lot of natural resources such as water and fossil fuels. The World Tourism Organization and the United Nations Environmental Program provided the following definition of ecotourism in 2002: All nature-based forms of tourism in which the main motivation of the tourists is the observation and appreciation of nature as well as the traditional cultures prevailing in natural areas.