A Response: Career Assessment is Important al Affiliation Topic: Career assessments are important Career assessments are important inthe subject the assessment is covering. There are many career assessments and many are not meant to be the only assessment that a client should use. The assessments cover a variety of areas such as: assessments based on theories, type/ aptitude, ability and achievement, interests, values, career maturity, personality, and based on special populations.
The first assessment was based on Roe’s theory, Vocational Interest Inventory. Roe’s theory is psychoanalytic and is based on attachment history influences and shapes the career preferences. Roe believed that the client’s upbringing and personal and relationships influenced where the client is headed in his/her life. Dealing with at risk populations this idea that a client’s upbringing can affect the future and career choice is helpful. Roe classified careers as connecting with others and the motivation/internal drive to succeed. With motivation/internal drive for the future at risk populations can have resiliency to overcome the child’s upbringing to succeed. Vocational Interest Inventory is the person’s interests in eight occupational fields. These eight fields are service, business contact, organization, technology, outdoor, science, general cultural and art and entertainment. There are two 56 item sections that choose between two occupations and choose between two activities. When the Inventory was created in the 1970’s it was used in the high school population planning on vocational-technical training programs at a community college. The Inventory asked about educational goals and planned goals to assist in choosing a college major. This test is important because it distinguishes between person oriented majors and non-person oriented. This test also has extensive information on college majors, job listings and the educational levels needed for each. This test is self-administered, self-interpreted and computer generated reports.
The second assessment was based on special population theory, Cross Cultural Adaptability Inventory. The special population theory deals with special needs, cultural backgrounds and experience. Most assessments are not generalizable to race, language, acculturation and geography. The theory has 6 guidelines for a career counselor to follow in order to administer this type of test. At risk populations are not categorized by culture, any child with mental health can be of any culture. The CCAI Self-Assessment, a self-scoring assessment instrument, can help individuals or groups identify their current strengths and weaknesses within four critical skill areas important for effective cross-cultural communication and interaction. (Kelly amp. Meyers ,2014).CCAI can be helpful with specific lenses taking into account the individual and their background. This assessment is important for individuals who are going to be interacting with people who are different than themselves, adapting to new situations and maintaining a sense of self while in a new environment. This assessment helps and can be used with people who are studying abroad, immigrating, diversity program and taking university classes on cross cultural issues.
The Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education (Code) is a guide for professionals in fulfilling their obligation to provide and use tests that are fair to all test takers regardless of age, gender, disability, race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, linguistic background, or other personal characteristics (APA, 2014). Career counselors in their ethics code have cultural guidelines to follow with their clients. The issues involved in testing multicultural or special populations can be that the assessments are not norm/representative of and for their client. Career counselors are important in this process by not only interpreting the scores of the assessments but explaining the drawbacks or limitations to the test or deciding to administer multiple tests.
Career assessments are important as they may help in creating possible opportunities by assisting workers and students realize the training, education, experience and tasks that uplift them to their next career move or jumpstart them to a new career respectively. When conducted early, children’s’ career paths may be developed (Curry amp. Milsom 2013).nbsp. Indeed a number of career assessment techniques have been developed over time. most of these instruments are backed by well developed theoretical and empirical backgrounds.
Past History and Occupational Choice
Vocational Interest Inventory is based on then assumptions one’s that past history, particularly, family interactions shapes one’s career choices. The psychometric analysis of a person’s past backgrounds to evaluate his strong points and hence career choices offers compelling reason to trust the predictability of this instrument. Why is it that the instrument divides vocational occupations into only eight sections and 56 sub sections? Most of the online varieties typify this standard. While Roe’s theory, the precursor of the assessment instrument, argues that a struggle in life can point to the career choice is not solid, and at risk population can provide conflicting results. Why can the at risk population provide contradictory results?
Selective and Subjective Test
Cross cultural Adaptability Inventory, according to the article, provides career professionals with a six step means of measuring one’s possible occupational field based on special needs, experience and cultural backgrounds. In my opinion, the test is selective and subjective and cannot achieve significant results from across a wide range of people. Code of fair Testing streamlines the instruments so that the psychometric results show a near correct predictability.
These assessment instruments are just two amongst a number of instruments and with the proliferation in the use of computers have advanced their applicability. The intended function of the assessment tools is to match a person’s interests, values, career maturity and personality to aptitude and ability on certain tasks. The article above discusses two assessments tools, Vocational Interest Inventory and Cross Cultural Adaptability Inventory based on Roe’s theory and Special population theory respectively.
Curry, J., amp. Milsom, A. (2013).nbsp.Career Counseling in P-12 Schools. New York: Springer