Three Phase Models of the English Family

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In primitive conditions, both age and sex in combination with physical strength must have been important criteria of stratification. Women and children last was probably the dominant rule of order. (Tumin, 1978:16)Social stratification is always the result of social change. These social variations are introduced by the revolutionary measures including natural calamities, agricultural and industrial revolutions, the war between the countries, assimilation, acculturation, technical advancement and inventions. Industrial Revolution is one of the most significant indicators of socio-economic changes taking place in the past as well as in the contemporary world. Zaidi writes in his book The Industrial Revolution 1750 as below:Since the overwhelming majority had occupied agriculture as their source of living for centuries, the agricultural revolution did not mould their everyday life as much as the industrial revolution. the later revealed new horizons of opportunity for both the royals and peasantry alike. (Zaidi, 2001: 19).The Industrial Revolution of 1750 not only brought about marvellous changes in the economic and political structure of England and paved the way towards financial boom, but also it modified the whole scenario of the lifestyle of the masses from urban to rural areas of the country. Economically prosperous England observed drastic variation in domestic and cultural traditions from the privileged classes to the lower ones. The social values got a gruesome decline, and the relationship between the members of one family experienced the turbulent shock weakening the very foundations of the patriarchal family set up. Fukuyama observes grave concerns about these changes in family life and views them as a threat to community life. In his words:The changes that have occurred in family life are seen as a threat to the quality of community life.