Therapeutics of Colon Cancer

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It is found that even the migrants from other countries who are living in the United States are suffering from the same problem because of the adoption of the same lifestyle as practised in America (Robbins et al 2005. Jemel et al 2002). Some studies have also shown that obesity and inactivity of muscles can also lead to colon cancer. It is known that the incidence of colon cancer is also increased by several other predisposing factors. Dietary intake is one of the factors which can increase the incidence of colon cancer. It is advised that excess calories should not be consumed if they have already reached the requirements of the body (Wei et al 2004. Lieberman et al 2003. Robbins et al 2005). Low unabsorbable vegetable contents in the body can also lead to cancer. This is because if these fibres are not present in the body then the stool would not be bulky enough to be excreted out in a small span of time. Thus the stool would take longer to be excreted and because of this, it may alter the bacterial flora in the intestine leading to cancer. A diet which contains red meat and refined carbohydrates is also known to be a risk factor for colon cancer. The byproducts of carbohydrates are toxic in nature and if they remain for a much longer time in the bowel they may yet alter the mucosa or bacterial flora which will again lead to cancer. And high cholesterol in red meat can lead to increased production of bile acids which can then be acted upon by bacteria and changed into potential carcinogens. And lastly, low protective micronutrients in the diet can also lead to cancer. All these risk factors together are leading to colon cancer and should be further researched upon to find alternative strategies for their prevention (Lieberman et al 2003. Robbins et al 2005). Chemotherapy has proved to be a breakthrough in the cure of different cancers. Chemotherapy is basically associated with drugs which directly affect the metabolism of cells.