Theory of Learning

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It can be considered both as a product and process. In other words, learning is a never ending process. at the same time it is the product of several life experiences a person undergo throughout his life. In short, learning is a multifaceted process which starts at birth and ends only at the time of the death of a person. Since learning is a multifaceted process, several theories were put forward by prominent scholars, educationalists, psychologists, sociologists etc. Cognitive theories of learning are the prominent theories among other learning theories. It deals with how people understand certain things and their cognitive abilities to learn things quickly and effectively. According to Lisa Fritscher (2011), Cognitive theory is a learning theory of psychology that attempts to explain human behavior by understanding the thought processes. The assumption is that humans are logical beings that make the choices that make the most sense to them (Fritscher, 2011). This paper analyses various aspects of cognitive learning theory and the contributions of various psychologists in the development of cognitive theories of learning. … As the name indicates, long term memory stores information for longer periods whereas short term memory stores data for shorter periods only. For example, bitter experiences in human life will be stored in the long term memory whereas simple things happening in our daily life will be stored in the short term memory. Our brain or intelligence analyses all the information received by it before sending these information either to the short term or long term memory. Working memory is fast but limited. It can only handle a small number of data blocks, and the content tends to fade after a few seconds. Long-term memory can hold a huge amount of information—facts, data, and rules for how to use and process them—and the information can be maintained for long periods. Most information in long-term memory is not immediately accessible. Using information from long-term memory requires that it be activated (brought into working memory). Activation of information in long-term memory is productive and associative (Cognitive Principles and Guidelines for Instruction, n. d, p.18). Human memory can be compared to the memories of a computer. Working memory is similar to random access memory (RAM) of a computer whereas the long term memory is similar to the hard disk memory. As in the case of RAM, working memory has only limited capacity to store information and therefore it stores information only for shorter period. The decision whether to send an information to long term memory or not is usually taken by the brain based on the how a person experience it. Sensory inputs help human brain to take such decisions. For example, a person who suffered a severe accident may not forget it till his