Theories About the Causes of Poverty

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there is also strong evidence to show that the subculture of poverty has many positive attributes of self-knowledge as well. It can be inferred from many personal accounts (from all over the world) that the poor people are more kind, more willing to share whatever resources they have, more believing in a community culture and more straightforward (Weston). When Kath Weston narrates his experiences as a traveling student (supported under a meagerly funded government program), in his book, ‘Traveling Light: On the Road With America’s Poor’, instances proving these claims abound.
As a preamble to his narrative on America’s poor, Weston has described how it feels to be poor in a rich country like America. He (Weston) has proved that poverty is a fact in America and the income inequality is increasing drastically between the rich and the poor (p.16 of the introduction). He (Weston) has also shown that the life of a poor person in America is full of worries, lacks respect and is excluded from mainstream public life (p.18-20 of the introduction). But even at the face of all these, it is shown, people are kind-hearted and they try to overcome their difficulties by sharing their worries with the family and the community (Weston). It could be the humbling caused by poverty that makes the poor more tolerant and kind to others.
Marxism has strongly refuted the claim that people are poor by choice and said, it is the exploitation of the labor of some people by some other people that creates poverty among the first group, and thus as such creates poverty (cited in Galston and Hoffenberg, 259). From this viewpoint, the subculture of poverty can be understood as an offshoot of this kind of imposed poverty. It is this aspect of compulsion that gives poverty, its many attributes as a subculture even. The experiences narrated by Weston could be possibly interpreted based on the Marxian approach and the conclusion that would logically follow is, it is the internalized sharing of the common fate (or rather grievance) and self-pity against the imposed poverty that make the poor more empathetic and kind to others.