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The Safe Operation of Ships

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The safety manuals and codes have been developed after years of research and feedback generated by shipping personnel over years of experience in facing different distress situations. Hence the crew should always be encouraged to follow the safety instructions and treat the code as a valuable piece of guidance. (The ISM Code, 2007)Therefore it is quite clear from the objectives that the human element is quite clearly addressed in the ISM code and guidelines have been prescribed to reduce operational risk. It is with these intentions that the Maritime Labour Convention of 2006 and the STCW 1978 were conducted and guidelines to avoid human risk were evolved.Since the Maritime labor Convention as a document covers a whole gamut of areas and stipulations, the primary areas of reference regarding reducing operational risk of seafarers shall be discussed here. This convention consists of a series of conventions which deal with the scope, rights, and responsibilities of seafarers.Title 3 deals with his accommodation and food that is provided onboard. Therefore Title 2 and Title 3 deal with the psychological aspect of the person as only an optimum amount of rest would ensure that he performs his watchkeeping duty diligently.Title 4 covers measures that the ship has adopted for accident prevention and medical care facilities on board in case of any injury. The ship should also be provided with efficient communication that could inform the land and have the injured person airlifted to the nearest medical facility. (Maritime Labour Convention, 2006) The regulation and code are then further arranged in a series of five titles. These areTitle 1- The minimum age of entry should be sixteen years. Night duty for people below 18years is banned. Night duty is also defined as one which begins before midnight and ends before 5 am. Work that may have an adverse effect on the health of an individual should be avoided if he is below 18 years.