In terms of employment as well as promotion in work and occupation, women often have less advantage to receive equal job opportunities comparing to men. Japan can be considered to be an illuminating example to demonstrate this issue. Most management positions are held by men in Japan. Even though both men and women have the same educational backgrounds and working experience, men would have more chances than women, and in some circumstances, women applicants are rejected as well.
Sexual harassment at work has recently become a major obstacle to gender equality in the workplace, especially for women. It is common on the news report that companies cannot guarantee women’s human rights at work especially with issues like sexual harassment which in turn discourage women to perform well in their workplace at their best capacities and ultimately contribute less to the company as a whole. Moreover, women face more family-related issues than men and hence they opt to stay back home. This is also an obstacle to women’s’ job performance. If work-family issues are not taken seriously, they might cause problems in the workplace that could affect job performance. It is suggested that women need more support and help because of their role in society.
Furthermore, women receive unequal pay as compared to that of men at work. This reflects and underpins gender roles, with men’s authority more highly valued socially as well as economically. Unequal pay usually comes in two forms: women being paid less than men for doing a similar job and women being paid less than men because they work in undervalued female-dominated occupations such as nursing and hospitality. The pay gap between women and men who have the same occupations is well documented.
One important difference between different countries’ responses to unfairness towards women involves the action of their civil society. . .