Several changes have occurred both in history and in the society leading to a change in the perception of marriage. Among the vital issues affecting marriage is women empowerment and independence. The rise in the fight for gender equity in all spheres of life is a sign of progress but is ultimately affecting the role of the woman in marriage (Goody, 1983, p. 89). Since the start of the women’s liberation movement, the number of divorces and single parenting has increased significantly. Single parenting and divorce are today so common that in the next two to three decades it may be considered natural which should not be the case. The effect of women liberation and independence on marriage, therefore, must be reviewed so as to obtain knowledge on the new trend in marriage.
Human behavior such as marriage can be explained by evaluating various aspects of marriage relationships. For instance, the choice of husband and wife will be based on asset criterion of features as the main focus instead of behavior. The choice of a spouse has never changed on physical features that determine the choice. Marriage is universal bonding existing in other species, but complex in humanity. Marriage is viewed as a reproductive, social arrangement, with the involvement of the extended family. Men in marriage seek a young, attractive, and faithful bride, while women seek taller and older man perceived as socially dominant.
Despite the difference in preference, both sexes prefer healthy, attractive and emotionally attached mate. The change in mate value or inability to maintain it at a higher level would encourage divorce. As the cost is increasing undergoing economic and social changes, marriages are undergoing evolution. Infertility and sexual dissatisfaction may lead to divorce, but more children lead to stability in marriage. Sub-dominant men and unfaithful women will have high divorces (Smith, 2000, p.112). The changes in married spouse behavior are a product of social and economic .change.