The PostAmerican World by Fareed Zakaria

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Post-American World is a book written in 2008 by Indian American on the rise of other powers in the world.This book primarily deals with how power has shifted from one power center to another over the period of time and how different actors during those eras emerged. This book is about the rise of the rest as the author puts in by arguing that after two power shifts in favor of the West and US, the third power shift is taking place away from these centers as countries such as China and India are emerging on the world scene. In this book, besides providing the history of the non-American world and how it has been able to seriously challenge the economic prosperity of America, Zakaria has further discussed issues such as modernization and the rise of nationalism. By citing over 500 years of non-Western history, Zakaria has been able to show how other countries have actually progressed during this period and its foundations and development differences between the West and the rest of the world. In this book, Zakaria has actually focused on two countries, i.e. China and India, and presented their social, economic and political rise and how they can take advantage of their size and market strength to seriously challenge America in the 21st century. He argues that the largest challenge these countries can pose to the US is economic and not the political one as may have been perceived during the recent past. By presenting statistics and other historical material, he argued that many countries are showing higher economic progress and are also witnessing reduction in poverty. He argues that the wealth accumulation and innovation are rapidly taking place, which are unexpected for US and can, therefore, create a shift in power away from US and in favor of other countries. In Chapter 1 of the book, he suggests that: We are now living through the third great power shift of the modern era. It could be called the rise of the rest. Over the past few decades, countries all over the world have been experiencing rates of economic growth that were once unthinkable (Zakaria 2). The above argument, therefore, indicates that the economic power of the rest of the world is on the rise as most countries have been showing economic growth rates of over 4% during the recent decades. Though he argues that Asia has been leading in economic progress, this economic growth is not confined to Asia as other countries are making progress too. He argues that t