The essay "The Pacific War: Japan’s militarism" discusses the Japan’s militarism which it had applied even before the First World War. The military aspect seemed to have worked for them since they had achieved a number of military victories. Japan’s walk toward militarism began at the beginning of the Meiji Restoration in 1868, shortly after the Tokugawa Shogunate had been overthrown. During this period, the Meiji Oligarchs’ adopted the policy of Fukuoka kyôhei, which emphasized a rich country and a strong military. The militarism and imperialism of the Japan rose progressively due to five major reasons, which existed from the early Meiji period till the beginning of the war in China in 1937. Japan was concerned about its own security and safety. The leaders of Japan intensified their quest for militarism after realizing that there was a need to safeguard the country against Russia and other Western powers, which had more sophisticated technologies, advanced military, and the naval supremacy. In 1894 to 1895, Japan won the Sino-Japanese War and conquered Formosa and the Liaotung Peninsula. They could not repel Western imperialists like Russia, Germany, and France during the scramble for the Liaotung Peninsula. During the Triple Intervention in 1895, Japan was forced to surrender their possession of the Peninsula. Japan, therefore, invested more in its military from 1895 to 1904 to protect its territories. Japan had a desire to secure its economic interests, which became more magnified in the 1930s.