The birth order is a fact is bestowed upon the Child’s existence, a location in a social structure. According to Alder, the location leaves an impact which is borne from the childhood and the traits are found in the adult life which has been found to be affecting the adult personality also (Shulman and Mosak, n.d.).
Analyzing the effects of birth order Alder considers that children of the same family are usually not born into the same environment. The birth of the second child generally takes place in a varied psychological situation as compared to the first child. If the eldest child is feeble-minded, then the second one may adopt the role of the firstborn. Reduction in competition is generally encountered with the marked difference in age between siblings. And lastly, the birth order is not an absolute determinant but it is only an influence and the influence of the parents is also important in this case. Alder often emphasized one’s birth order as having an influence on the style of life and strengths.
According to Alder, the eldest sibling is usually bestowed a large amount of attention, affection,and spoiling. The oldest children are generally trained to imitate their fathers or mothers and generally play the role of supplementary father or mother with the younger children. They usually look after them, teach them and feel responsible for their welfare. The oldest people are generally concerned with their own prestige and pride for being the first and shouldering responsibility for the other people. Again Alder refers to the life of the firstborn as being dethroned when a second child is born and this may infuse feelings of jealousy or tension among them. In order to seek the attention of their parents, they perform a various behavior which may vary between good behavior to rebellious behavior or may lead to the develop traits of depression among them (Armitage, 2007, p. 8).