The LMX and the PathGoal Theory

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Leaders have a dyadic relationship with their followers. this means that leaders treat different followers in different ways. The leader-member exchange theory focuses on worth and importance of leaders and followers relationship with each other and the importance of this relationship to the organization. Researchers have stated through their study that leaders do not treat all followers equally. they instead treat different followers in different ways. In certain cases, leaders have a high quality and in other cases, leaders have a low-value relationship with their followers. It is seen that those members of a group that has a higher status in the group and are of more importance have a high-quality relationship with the leader and those followers who are of lower status and of less value to the leader has a low-quality relationship with the leader (DuBrin, 2001, 159). A number of factors are taken into account by the LMX theory to identify whether certain followers have a lower or higher quality of relationship with the leader. These factors include: locus of control, need for authority and self-esteem (Eisenberger, 2010). The way an individual perceives his own control over his own life and the events taking place around him is referred to as locus of control. A person who believes that he is control of all the happenings around him, who believes that all the good and the bad that happens to him and the projects he is working on is due to his own effort is said to have an internal locus of control. On the other hand, if the person believes that all the good and bad things happening around him is due to others or a third-party, this person is said to have an external locus of control. A person who craves for authority tries to conduct following activities: tries to gain employment in areas that are of high importance to the organization, tries to look for opportunities where he can lead and tries to obtain feedback for the way he/she has performed.&nbsp.