Elizabeth Tudor was born on the 7th of September 1533 at the Greenwich Palace to the second wife of King Henry VIII. Anne Boleyn. The circumstances of her birth are regarded as one of the most exhilarating political events in the 16th-century European history especially considering the uproar and mayhem caused by the birth of an ineffectual infant. Elizabeth’s father, King Henry had boldly resisted the papacy and the Holy Roman Emperor in a quest to marry Anne urged by love and longing for a male heir to succeed him to the throne. However, the birth of a female child caused severe criticism and disappointment all over which is evident from the description of the ‘event’ offered by Eustace Chapuys, the Imperial Ambassador to England and an enemy of Queen Anne, as a great disappointment and sorrow to the King, the Lady and others of her party2.
Queen Elizabeth’s childhood was very difficult especially since her much-awaited birth was considered as a huge disappointment for the King who had longed for a male heir. She was given a generous christening in the Chapel of the Observant Friars which, however, was marked by the absence of her father. .After the death of her older sister Mary, who left the country in a mess, Elizabeth assumed the throne and initiated the task of rejuvenating the kingdom by building on its strength and power. Elizabeth inherited a kingdom which was in a tattered state with the existing disagreement between the two most dominant religious beliefs – The Roman Catholics and The Protestants that threatened to disrupt the political harmony of an already imbalanced economy, the almost empty royal treasury which was bled to ruins by her predecessors especially Mary and her advisors.