This was coupled with rapid urbanization that increased the role of the city and brought conflicts between resources and the environment. However, rapid urbanization has drastically changed the city landscape. Through deforestation and reclamation, the once mountainous to sea pattern of the city no longer exists. The once highly agricultural landscape is replaced by flat cityscape in downtown areas. The regional setting of the city in the Pearl River delta in China is the center for rapid development. The political sphere of interest concerns the role of the elite in planning a new city. The internationalization idea in the city and production of the landscapes reflecting the globalization effect of the urban elite and invoke the transition of the social formation. The construction of Culture entities is foregrounded in the new cities of China. This exemplifies and shifts ideology about accepted cultural symbolism. The new city designs are a blend of the post-modern modernism and traditional Chinese design style.
The papers examine the rapid urbanization of the Shenzhen city, the production of the new landscape through the planning and design of Shenzhen’s new city. It also highlights the application of ecological infrastructure as a tool for sustainable growth. In addition, it captures the transition of the city into an international city. Moreover, the social injustice that has resulted from the city’s rapid economic development is discussed at the end of the paper.
According to Cressey, (2005), the urbanizations on China have been considered as unprecedented. Approximately 44% of Chinese live in urban cities. the number is expected to reach 70% by the year 2035. The following fact about China imposes challenges to landscape urban planning and call for smart planning. First China’s population is spatially unbalanced- Approximately 94% of its population will occupy 46% of the land in 2035.