According to the research findings, whilst the cultural references and importance of representing the turbulence in Afghanistan and the American immigrant experience cannot be ignored, the often secular narrative of the book is precisely what resonates with the reader, who can relate to the central issues dealt with in the book. In particular, the references to guilt and redemption which is the focus of this analysis. Indeed, Hayes comments that perhaps one thing that surprised me is how much the Kite Runner speaks to all people in much the same way in their deepest needs to deal with their pain and guilt, to find forgiveness, and to do something good or significant with their lives. Additionally, Hayes highlights the point that The Kite Runner is both a quick-read page-turner and a powerful novel that makes a lasting impression and lends itself to hours of thought, self-reflection and thought. To this end, it is arguable that the rise and pain of a loss of Hassan and Amir’s relationship symbolize the transformation and ultimate downfall of Afghanistan. Moreover, the Kite Runner charts the loss of innocence, the burden of living with guilt and the need for redemption as symbolized through Amir’s character development after his betrayal of Hassan. This is further highlighted by Amir’s reflection If this was one of the Hindi movies Hassan and I used to watch, this was the part where I’d run outside….. But this was no Hindi movie, I was sorry, but I didn’t cry and I didn’t chase the car. I watched Baba’s car pull away from the curb taking with it the person whose first spoken word had been my name. This, in turn, presses the point made in the opening line of the book where Amir asserts I became what I am today at the age of twelve, on a frigid overcast day in the winter of 1975. This statement is the catalyst for his journey of guilt in the novel as everything is moving towards the tragedy of Hassan’s rape.