It is interesting to note that tourism contributes more than 4% in EU GDP. In this context, the importance of European institutions’ role in achieving goals set in Lisbon can’t be left at the mercy of its member states. Paolo Costa, (2006).
Therefore, it is of utmost importance for the European Union to work on Lisbon strategy to make the regional and local tourism competitive — to face the challenges of increasing socio-economic differences after expansion, globalisation, technological advancement and increased immigration.
Many recent developments point out towards the amendments made by the European Economic Area (EEA) Joint Committee, resulting in ‘The Agreement No. 12/2006’, specifically in Article 98, made on 27th January 2006. It has decided to amend the text of Chapter 1 of Annex XX on the environment. In Article 2, the Council Directive 90/313/EEC shall be erased from the Agreement after coming into force EEA Joint Committee Decision No 123/2003. According to EEA Joint Committee President R Wright, the texts of Decisions of Article 3, Article 4, and Article 5 will be published in the Official Journal of European Union, as decided at Brussels (OJ 92/35).
According to Council Decision of 27 June 2006 on the Protocol on Tourism to the Alpine Convention (2006/516/EC), the Council of the European Union, showing regard to the Treaty, proposal of the Commission and Opinion of the European Parliament, particularly on Article 175(1) along with first sentence of first subparagraph of Article 300(2) and first subparagraph of Article 300(3), agrees that tourism, in most parts of the Alps is contingent on environmental impacts. As Alps mountain region is ecologically a sensitive area, equilibrium among the needs of the people, their economic interests and environmental issues are must for the incessant progress of the area.
Tourism has become a global phenomenon although it is a local product – catered by regional interests. . .