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The Definition of STIGMA by Erving Goffman Mental Illness in Our Society

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The term social exclusion first came into existence in France (1970) as highlighted by Evans, Paugham and Prelis (1995). Albeit social exclusion is amongst the most discussed concept in Europe with reference to carrying out social policy debates, but still, there is no clear picture of the exact meaning of this phenomenon. As often many researchers have used the words unemployment and poverty as an alternate of social exclusion (Regional Studies Conference, 1997), however, in order to completely garner an understanding of the term Social exclusion it is mandatory to differentiate the concept of social exclusion with unemployment and poverty (Klasen, n.d). There are various numbers of definitions present for social exclusion, for instance, social exclusion according to the DFID (Department for International Development) is a process according to which specifics groups are targeted methodically because of the discrimination factor. This discrimination further lead towards disadvantaging the target groups, this discrimination is usually based upon religion, ethnicity, caste, gender, age, disability and migration etc. moreover these discriminations usually came into play in public institutions like education, health and fitness services, rules and regulations (laws) and several other important institutions like household etc (DFID, 2005). Similarly, Duffy (1995) defined social exclusion as lack of opportunity (availability) or powerlessness in terms of successfully contributing in cultural, social and economic life, and in much distinctiveness, isolating and creating aloofness with the core group or society.