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The Data and Characteristics of the Firms Using the Green Logistics Strategies

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There has been an immense emphasis on the need to integrate the transport into a process of sustainable development over the past few decades. A lot of countries around the world have understood the importance of adopting the strategies of green logistics because of the potential adverse impacts of the system of transportation upon the environment. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency…35 billion gallons of diesel fuel is used to deliver goods by truck and rail each year, generating nearly 350 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) (Carlson, 2009, p. 128). One of the main challenges of the present age is the creation of a long-term sustainable society whose environmental impact is the least negative. A new approach to logistics, known as the green logistics approach had surfaced in response to this challenge during the early 1990s. The green logistics approach considered the measures that could be adopted to protect the environment. This approach went beyond the traditional imperatives of logistics for effective and quick handling of the goods. Logistics are undeniably a very important function of the contemporary systems of transportation. The modern spatial and technological developments have brought improvement in the efficiency, reliability, and cost of the passenger and freight systems of transportation. However, at the same time, the adverse impacts of transportation on the environment have been widely recognized and are amongst the core issues of sustainability in all areas in general and in the urban areas in particular.