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The Analysis of Nationalism

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National movements are characterized by distinct sentiments of national pride that strives for self-rule and liberty. The movement has emerged as a result of the oppression of natives by the dominant forces of the external agencies or countries. The colonization of countries occurred when British Empire and the European countries like France, Germany, and Portugal etc. used military forces to overcome the local resistance and ruled the countries in a manner that served their interests. The colonial rulers exploited the local people and the local resources for their own and their country’s interests. Oppression and total disregard for the welfare of the locals are the dominant features of the colonial rulers. A national movement was started to unite the people on the common ground of freedom from the foreign rule. The nationalism thus became a socio-political ideology that was designed towards the creation of self-rule with unique national identity. The postcolonial writers and others believe that nationalism is the most significant factor that is responsible for the nations to strive towards socio-economic development and promote unique socio-cultural identity that cuts across regional factors and individual interests. The colonial rulers had stripped the nations of their resources and wealth, leaving it gasping for food, shelter, and resources of income generation. Hence, the people’s desire to restore their dignity through the creation of channels for development and establishment of a government that would work for the cause of common man became the key factor in national movements. But, the most interesting facet of nationalism in the post-colonial literature was their obsession with the ‘postcolonialism’ that makes it difficult for the country to establish a distinct national identity without relating it in some way with the colonial rule. Indeed when Davies quotes Lorna Goodison, the Caribbean poet who laments, ‘when is postcoloniality going to end? (Davies, 1994), she raises the most important question of contemporary leaders who would not let go of colonial consciousness and the inability of the masses to hold on to it so that it can become a measure of their independence from the colonial rule.