Swine Influenza Virus

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According to the research findings, to reduce the enormous global burden and the long-term goal of better control of communicable diseases, there is a need for international surveillance, timely vaccine development and production, and the ability to administer the vaccine to large numbers of people in a short amount of time. The coordinated efforts and commitment of government resources with synergistic national strategy contributions from non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, public-spirited individuals, the community and the devotion and dedication of the staff and availability of ample resources should deliver positive control in swine flu. The communicable diseases have undergone many transformations over human history. As life expectancy is increased in developed countries, along with it new infectious diseases also have emerged. As the global environment is changing at the fast pace due to various issues such as migration, famine, fire, war, and terrorism the paths of disease transmission of infectious diseases are also varying and therefore, offering more challenges. The dynamic and complex nature of the influenza virus had resulted in three pandemics and several pandemic scares during the 20th century alone. A respiratory disease ‘swine influenza’ is caused due to any strain of the influenza family of viruses. The pigs are host animals and therefore it is called ‘swine flu, hog flu or pig flu’ and the infection is generally not transmitted to humans. But, the disease has jumped from animals to humans and has become zoonotic. Initially, they were restricted initially to a small population, but due to modernization and shrinking of the world, the transmission became epidemic and the pandemic.