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Suicide Prevention in the Adolescent Population in the US

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In the US, we find that as a first, New Jersey educators are mandated to incorporate suicide prevention programs within their curriculum. Here the N.J.S.A. 18A: 6-111 mandates that, suicide prevention programs (owing to its relation with the health and well being of students in New Jersey) be incorporated into the New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards, yet we find that the problem remains persistent and pervasive. In the context of this persistent problem, my article will explore the adolescent mindset through various theories that lead them to the take their own lives. the various causative factors that lead to suicidal ideations. like, previous suicide attempts, a history of mental disorders that cause acute depression, family history of child abuse, impulsive and aggressive tendencies, cultural and religious beliefs (stigma), substance abuse, and bullying.In the last few decades, there has been remarkable progress in the field of medical diagnoses and available treatment for the various physical and mental disorders. This progress has undoubtedly led to a marked improvement in the quality of lives for many people suffering from various illnesses worldwide. Despite improved medical and other facilities to increase the life quality, suicide still remains a major preventable public health crisis, both worldwide and in the USA. In 2002, an estimated 877,000 lives were lost worldwide due to suicide (Mann et al., JAMA 2005, p. 2064-2074). Recent figures from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) tell us that in 2007 suicide was found to be the tenth leading cause of death in the U.S., accounting for 34,598 deaths(NIMH, Suicide in the U.S.: Statistics and Prevention, 2010) and it also states that with each successful suicide, there are simultaneously almost 11 other failed attempts.