Soviet Emphasis on Film Editing

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General Historical Context for Soviet Emphasis on Film Editing
The Russian revolution has been the real background, which has laid the foundation for the Soviet Film Industry. During the olden days no Russian film used to be shot within Russia. As a result there was much influence from the European countries. But it was only after the year 1917, that the film shooting started to take place within Russia. The earliest masters of the Russian films like Pudukovin gave much importance to the editing and considered, editing as the one process that would make a film very perfect. Indeed they felt the need for creating the greatest effect, by correctly joining all the shots together with immaculate perfection. (
3 Functions or kinds of Cutting studied by the Kuleshov workshop
The Kuleshov workshop studied three basic functions or cutting methods, which would very well enhance the film quality.
The first function of serving a cut would be in the narrative sense of the film. Through this type of cut the director as well as the editor, can very well analyze the actions that have been produced from the psychological processes, which happen within an individual.
The second function of a cut was with regards to the intellectual responses, which were generated from the characters in the film. This could very well delve into the interpersonal relationships that could be produced, due to the various thought processes.
The third kind of cut that was taught in the Kuleshov workshop was, with respect to the emotions that were being produced within a film due to the interactions among the various characters. Hence such responses were purely produced by the emotions deep within the minds of the individuals. (
Principles important to each of three kinds of Cuttings
The narrative cutting within a film as found by the Russians showed that, it had the ability to produce the sense of speed and would also give continuity in the flow of the entire film.
In the case of the second type of cut, that is considered to be purely for intellectual purpose, was found not only to be serving and challenging the mental thought process but also will some times serve the purpose of the narrative cut.
In the case of the third cut, it was to serve the purpose of creating emotions with regards to the feelings of the characters that have been shown in the film. (
Eisenstein’s Principle of Montage
As far as Russian films are concerned Eisenstein’s is the greatest master of Montage, which in other words means editing. As per Eisenstein the essence of the principle of Montage could very well be considered, as the combination of contrast, collision and conflict.
Significance and Basic plot of Battleship Potemkin
The significance of the basic plot of Battleship Potemkin was that, it was a film that was produced in order to depict Russia’s general workers’ revolt. The entire plot revolves around two basic events, one that involved the revolt of the rebellion that took place on the Potemkin that was a battleship. The second event was based on the Odessa reprisals, which occurred between the Cossacks and the Czar’s troops. (
Evamaria Trischak “Soviet Montage”, November05. 1998. Web. February01. 2011