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South Korean History and Its Social Technological Economic Environmental and Political Issues

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Korea has been the target of many invasions by larger neighboring countries in its 2000-year history. A total of 900 invasions are recorded for this period in history. The Mongolians occupied Korea from around 1231 until the 14th century. The Chinese government and armies were constantly tormenting it. The Choson dynasty took over rule in 1392 and ruled until Japan annexed Korea in 1910 (South Korea, 1999). China has influenced Korea the most of any prominent world power, as it was the most acceptable to the Korean people. China became a “big brother” to Korea and thus helped the small country maintain its self-sufficiency and fortress against foreign invasions. It earned the name of the “Hermit Kingdom” in the 19th century (South Korea, 1999).
At the end of the 19th century, Chinese power became weakened, therefore, Korea was once again open to Western and Japanese invasion. When Japan annexed Korea in 1910, it began a period of imperial rule that lasted 35 years. Some resentments of that period in history still weigh heavily on the memories of some older Koreans. It was a time when Japanese influence became a threat to the language and culture of the Korean
When Japan surrendered to the Allies in 1945, it brought the end of World War II. however, it brought further turmoil to Korea. In 1948 the Republic of Korea (R.O.K.) was established with Rhee as the first President. Later that same year the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (D.P.R.K.) was formed under Kim II Sung (History of Korea, 2004).&nbsp.Two years later North Korea invaded South Korea, which prompted the first action under the United Nations Command. Bombings of the North brought devastation and casualties and China to the North’s’ behalf.&nbsp.