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Social Effects of Aviation

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This paper tells that the annual global growth rates of aviation (total number of kilometers flown by all passengers) were approximately 10% in the 1960s and were approximately 5%-7% in the 1990s. In fact, global tonne-kilometers (total weight of freight carried multiplied by the distance flown) increased by a factor of 23 as against the global domestic gross domestic product, which increases by a factor of 3.8. It is also forecast with unconstrained growth in the aviation industry, that air travel will double between 2000 and 2020 and triple in 2030. Concurrently, there has been increasing threat especially from the world of terrorist on the aviation industry. This threat has led to the implementation of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) passenger screening to ensure that certain items and persons prohibited from flying do not board commercial airliners. This spectacular growth in the aviation industry is associated with some social effects which have either beneficial or adverse effects in the society. This growth in the aviation industry is mainly concentrated in certain societies in the world, for instance, North America, Europe, some parts of Asia and South America thereby suggesting a cultural influence on the growth of the aviation industry. Indeed, air travel has impacted socially on humanity, changing not only the human relationship but also human culture. Like the interstate highways that reduce continents to global cities, air travel has likewise shrunk the world to a global city. For instance, with the advent of air travel, the connectedness between people increases considerably.