Seminarreflectionpaperoct 14

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PuyallupPuyallup is a city in Pierce County named after the Puyallup people. The Puyallup people are Coast Salish Native American Tribe, moved onto reservation lands forcibly in late 1854. The Puyallup tribe has existed on the Puget Sound shores for thousands of years. The Puyallup Tribe has been known for “generous and welcoming behavior to all people who enter their lands.” The Puyallup people, living off the Puyallup river waters, fished, hunted, and traveled by these waters.  Some of the events that shaped the Puyallup history included the Hudson’s Bay Company, Oregon Donation Land Act, Medicine Creek Treaty, and Treaty Wars.The Hudson’s Bay company in 1827, an important land-based commercial trading company, establish the Fort Langley trading post in the area where the Puyallup Tribe lived. In the same region, the company established the Fort Nisqually in 1833. Many of the Coast Salish tribes, including the Puyallup, were trading at these sites. The Puyallup, in this trade, received frontier-style clothing, potatoes, and firearms.  These trading sites considerably contributed to the economic growth of Puyallup that it attracted many people to the region.In 1850, the Oregon Donation Land Act was passed. This act promoted homestead settlement in Oregon Territory and allowed the settlers to select claim with no concern to legal subdivisions (Robbins, 2005). The act encouraged people to emigrate to Oregon and become permanent inhabitants since the act declared Oregon Territory lands as being U.S public lands, terminating the exclusive Indian rights within the Oregon Territory boundaries. The act also terminated the Puyallup tribe’s aboriginal rights. As a result of this act, the Puyallup tribe lost its right to occupy the land (Robbins, 2005). The act increased entry onto Puyallup lands, and soon or later, the Puyallup were sharing their land with the Americans. The welcoming nature of the Puyallup, which was displayed by gifts of food, irritated the new homeowners in the territory. Americans and Puyallup developed trade relationships. However, sooner than later, the new occupants wanted a policy to eradicate the Puyallup claims to the region’s land, and this lead o tension between the Puyallup and the new land occupants (Schaefer, 2016).Unfortunately for the Puyallup, the rise in competition for the land and resources forced the Puyallup people, in 1854, to sign the Medicine Creek Treaty. Following this treaty, the Puyallup surrendered millions of acres of land in return for the establishment of three reservations, traditional native hunting and fishing right recognition, and cash payment in 20 years (Schaefer, 2006). The treaty ended up taking Puyallup tribe’s prime farmland and related the tribe onto rough reservations. This event compelled the members of the Puyallup tribe to adapt their efforts to retain their culture and survive.  In an attempt to reshape this treaty, the Puyallup community took part in the Treaty Wars, and after an uprising which lasted a whole year, the Puyallup people got many significant concessions from the government (Schaefer, 2016).All these events shaped the Puyallup history, and they help us in understanding the history of the Puyallup tribe, an Indian tribe. Today’s Puyallup city, together with its people, has been shaped by these historical events.                                                                                                ReferencesRobbins, W. G. (2005).Oregon: This storied land. Oregon Historical Society Press.Schaefer, K. K. (2016).The Promise and the Price of Contact: Puyallup Indian Acculturation, Federal Indian Policy and the City of Tacoma, 1832-1909(Doctoral dissertation).