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Rationalism skepticism and romanticism were three primary philosophicalschoolof thought during the Enlightenment How does Voltaire relate to these notions(if at all) in Candide

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He strove for impartiality in his writings. Although put in exile from Paris severally, his life in the end became renowned as one of the greatest thinkers in France. He fought for values such as freedom and progress, which lay the basic assumptions characterizing the modern Western civilization. This paper shall discuss how Voltaire relates to the primary philosophical schools of thought (rationalism, romanticism, and skepticism) in Candide.Rationalism is a notion that the world can be understood through reason. The approach to find solutions to human problems proposes reasoned alternatives to spiritual dogmas, aspiring to advance a secular structure of culture, and wishes to secure freedom of civil liberties and thought. Skepticism is a philosophical point of view that doubts that one can unreservedly attain knowledge. nevertheless it does not emphasize that things cannot be recognized. It is the search for knowledge, although all knowledge must be scrutinized. Romanticism is a movement that glorifies nature, celebrates the divinity of creation, and idealizes the past. According to Lawall (487), Romanticism emphasizes the freedom of sincerity, originality, self expression, and spontaneity. It never conformed to artificial, impersonal ordered rationality. Romanticism school of thought celebrates nature instead of civilization. In this case, Voltaire has a stake in these three primary philosophical schools of thought. According to Lawall (375) in the Norton anthology, Voltaire opposed militarism, monarchy and slavery. His enlightenment contributions came along with freedom of press, speech and religion. He became cynical of human nature. He would rather not create a perfect world, but just wanted everyone to make the world a better place by substituting superstition and ignorance for rational thought and knowledge. Progress and change could come through philosophers, who could provide advice to the monarchy. Lawall