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RationalEmotive Behavior Therapy Theory

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The theory proposes a bio-psychosocial explanation of how individuals come to feel and behave that is, Ellis believed that both biological factors and social factors are involved in the experiencing and acting process. This idea is important as it proposes that there are limits as to how much a person can change (Ellis A., 2003).
Ellis argues in his theory that all humans have the ability to interpret reality in a clear, logical and objective manner, and avoid unnecessary emotional behavioral upsets. He also argues that besides this, humans are also predisposed to irrational interpretations (Collard amp. OKelly, 2011). They examine to twist or illogical thinking, draw illogical conclusions that are impartial and are cognitive distortions of reality (Levinson, 2010). Ellis identifies three standard characteristics that represent an irrational interpretation of reality. (1) It demands something that is not really in the world, other people or the individual. (2) it amplifies the awfulness of something an individual dislikes (Macinnes, 2004). (3) it concludes that one cannot tolerate the thing they dislike and lastly (4) it condemns the world, other people or the individual (Dryden, 2003). The characteristics identified above are expressed in specific irrational ideas and Beliefs (Macinnes, 2004). Ellis suggests that the target for change in psychotherapy is those thoughts, attitudes beliefs and meanings that will result in emotional-behavioral disturbance and goes ahead to present the rational emotive behavior therapy (Windy amp. Neenan, 2004).
The REBT teaches individuals how to identify their own self-defeating ideas thought beliefs and actions and replace them with more effective life-enhancing ones (Ellis amp. Ellis, 2011).