Whereas the inequalities experienced in other areas of societies are steadily reducing, it is quite concerning that in the country’s criminal justice system, these inequalities continue to grow (LCEF &. LCCR, 2000).
A report by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD), African Americans in the country are estimated to constitute about 13% of the country’s total population, however, despite this relatively low percentage, African-Americans are statistically estimated to constitute about 28% of all arrests. These figures by the NCCD are found to be similar to those of a report by Mauer (1999) that found that despite their constituting of only 13% of the total population, African Americans account for 40% of all the inmates that are currently being held in jails and prisons around the country. In addition to this, they also constitute about 42% of the total population on death row. In comparison, White American are estimated to make up about 67% of the country’s population and account for 70% of all the arrests that are made across the country. They account for 40% of all inmates that are held in prisons and local jails, this is a figure found to be similar to that of the African American population. Whites also make up about 56% of the total population that is currently on death row (Taxman &. Byrne, 2005).
Native Americans and Hispanics are noted to be alarmingly overrepresented in the United States Criminal justice system. . .