Design of structures at the workplace plays a key role to safety of workers. The roof must be designed with the designer’s focus on health and safety of employees. Before execution of work by the contractor, safety signs be strategically placed, which will be accessed by everybody. The contractors to execute the work should care about safety at work place and have safe working tools. During execution of duty, the employees in the building must vacate it and seek safer and better places (University of Sunderland, n.d., p. 3). Health issues related to use of bitumen as a construction material are skin irritations or dermatitis, burns, and throat and eye irritations. These hazards will occur in poorly ventilated areas and under exposure to hot bitumen during use and moving of bitumen from the ground to the roof. The BP oil disaster is said to be the biggest accident of release of oil in the oceans named the Deep Water Horizon Spill. It exceeded the Ixtoc I leak that occurred in 1979 in the Gulf of Mexico. It happened through a fire explosion on the BP Deepwater Horizon rig in the Gulf of Mexico. The accident started with a well integrity failure, followed by loss of control of pressure of fluid in the well. It killed eleven people. Stemming of the oil took long by the engineers bolting a sealing cap on top of blowout preventer. 1000 miles of the shore line was affected, with about 200 miles heavily oiled. The main issue that is worth answering is its impact on the coast….
The employers, employees, unions and all stakeholders need advise on occupational health. Support for HSE health campaigns will also enlighten the workers. Q3. How would you recommend the organization manages this issue? What steps should be taken to aid with any changes? Safety should be enhanced at any workplace. To protect oneself from exposure to hazards at the workplace, the employees must be sober. Stringent working rules should be put in place and implemented for the good of the employees and employers. Loss of qualified staff due to use of drugs and alcohol be curbed. The employees need to be enlightened on the dangers of use of drugs and alcohol at working place. Any employee found under drugs should be relived from duty. This will save lives and medical costs that the organization would incur. Q.4 Roofing Roofing activities are done from heights that pose a lot of danger to workers. Workers face danger of losing their life due to fall from high height at work. Roof work is an issue for construction companies, and guidance is needed for safety at work. The guidance is useful to: • The directors and company stakeholders • The clients of the project • Designers of building and components of construction • The principle contractors • Owners of the building • Employees and the self-employed at project site and • Advisers and consultants. Design of structures at the workplace plays a key role to safety of workers. The roof must be designed with the designer’s focus on health and safety of employees. Before execution of work by the contractor, safety signs be strategically placed, which will be accessed by everybody. The contractors to execute the work should care about safety at work place and have safe working tools. During