Political Science Locke and Publius

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While The Federalist Papers is clearly a liberal work because it supports big government and places a great deal of emphasis on the individual by ensuring that individual rights are protected ahead of the good of the country, Locke states that the individual should give up certain rights in order to ensure that everything runs very smoothly in society. The main difference between Locke and Publius is their treatment of the individual in its interaction with the government.John Locke begins his argument with the belief that men and women do not even have full ownership over themselves, so it would be impossible for someone else to gain this ownership over them. Allowing oneself to become enslaved in a violation of the law of nature, since no person can own another person since that person does not even own him or her self. These laws of nature were implemented in order to protect one’s property rights, including oneself, and, therefore, slavery does not exist in society. Another reason for this is that a slave will constantly be trying to gain freedom, and something that is truly owned by another would not do this, but would rather be content with being owned by another human being and, therefore, the government is not permitted to have full control over its population. Wage slavery comes in the form of a social contract that every human is bound to in order to keep social order. Without this social contract, society would be too unpredictable and, therefore, unjust. This contract is necessary in order to protect the property rights of each and every human being. This system, however, gives much more power to the ruling class, by allowing for them to hold the majority of the power over peoples’ rights. This situation, as Locke would say, is the only way to protect the laws of nature, since the citizens will always want to break these laws for their own personal good. This means that under a social contract, the citizens were forced to give up certain rights and freedoms in order to be protected under the law.