Besides a safe and hygienic environment, many other factors such as the design of operating suites, operating rooms, safety mechanisms, materials used in construction of operating suites, lighting and ventilation, temperature and humidity control, etc play vital role in providing good perioperative care to the patients and ensure safe and healthy work environment for the hospital personnel. This can help establish a caring and empathetic impression with patients on their perioperative journey (Wicker &. O’Neill, 2006). The goal of providing quality care to all patients that reduces suffering, enhances the quality of life, or provides dignity and support to the terminally ill patients can be accomplished (Woodhead &. Wicker, 2005).
The surgical suite consists of specific areas in which selected tasks are performed. These are procedure rooms or operating rooms, sterile and non-sterile storage areas, and ancillary support areas including preoperative holding/admission area, recovery rooms, and pathology labs. The overall floor plan of an operating suite is divided into specific zones meant, not only, for different perioperative procedures, but also for traffic control and asepsis. To assist asepsis through traffic control, four zones in the operating department are generally created: operative zone which comprises the operating theatre and preparation room, and this area is aseptic and restricted to operating room personnel with proper attire. restricted zone meant for washing, scrub-up, anesthesia, and utility and traffic control meant to prevent unauthorized entry and access. limited access zone containing space for recovery, mobile X-ray store, dark room, staff rest.