Organism Patenting Issue

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Some farmers depend on plants to make a living and so they grow them commercially by sowing seeds. These seeds may be from a previous crop or from seeds purchased. Some of these crops grow without anyone planting them. Examples of this form of reproduction include pollens blown by the wind or pollens transported by birds. These are just some of the ways that nature intended for plants to reproduce themselves.
The term patent is associated with intellectual property rights. Intellectual property rights are given to people for their inventions (WTO 2012). These rights relate to copyrights and industrial property of which inventions are apart. Inventions are protected by patents (WTO 2012). Patenting is one of the mechanisms by which companies or individuals seek to protect their profits which results from an invention (Cohen et al 2000). A patent provides its owner with protection over intellectual property.
This paper looks at the issue relating to patenting using two moral frameworks – ethics of virtue and social justice. An analysis is also provided. It concludes with a solution based on each of the two frameworks.
In times gone by, farmers would grow crops and replant the best seeds in order to maximize their harvest and therefore their earnings. That means they would save the best of their corn, wheat, and other crops in order to replant for the next planting season and in order to facilitate a good harvest. Some of the seeds that were saved were also sold to other farmers.
Over the years, diseases and other environmental conditions have been having a deleterious effect on some of these plants and farmers have not been able to reap the desired yields after planting in some seasons.