Older People and Fear of Crime

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With age come a number of issues like physical vulnerability and also lowered income which in turn leads to a high level of fear of crime. Various researches have been conducted in the past however no single definition has been developed for ‘fear of crime’. There have been a number of debates on the best and most effective way to measure crime. Elchardus, De Groof, and Smits (2003), argue that although not much literature is available in terms of the fear of crime, however, there are two main patterns that have been followed. These include a rationalistic view and the other is a symbolic view. Donder, explain, “The rationalistic paradigm interprets fear as a consequence of risk and vulnerability with regard to crime and victimization. The symbolic paradigm interprets fear of crime as a consequence of more general feelings of vulnerability and dissatisfaction that become feelings of being threatened of crime and victimization” (Donder, Verte, &amp. Messelis, 2005). Over the years authors like Baumer and Skogan and Maxfield have divided the factors into three main fields.&nbsp.

It is evident that the above factors play a major role in the fear of crimes and leads to a number of issues among people across the world. The next subsection will deal with the relationship between elders and the fear of crime.&nbsp.A number of authors have touched upon the issue of elders and the fear of crime. Hough and Mayhew have explained a situation where the elders have reported to have a comparatively higher level of fear of crime even though they have low levels of victimization. There have been a number of studies in this area and as explained by Donder,, “Much research regarding elderly people and their fear of crime concerns the confirmation or the negation of this paradox and the search for explanations for this ‘irrational’ fear” (Donder, Verte, &amp. Messelis, 2005). Researchers like Ziegler and Mitchell have also concluded that elderly people tend to experience more levels of fear than the younger ones.&nbsp. &nbsp.&nbsp.