The objective of the present systematic review is to establish the effectiveness for occupational therapy interventions for stroke patients. The background information of stroke is presented scientifically together with the rationale for the systematic review including its relevance to occupational therapy. The present study efficiency reflects in its systematic search of the literature, a methodological quality appraisal and the scientific focus of data for analysis and discussion. The Database that were accessed on-line via the Internet were AHMED (allied health focus), ASSIA (social science focus), PUBMED (medical focus), CINAHL (allied health focus), ERIC (educational focus) and MEDLINE (medical focus). The systematic review of the English literature revealed that occupational therapy is of benefit for the treatment of stroke patients. The review identified small but significant effect size for the efficacy of occupational therapy intervention for stroke patients. It was noted that the amount of evidence with respect to specific interventions is limited. The sample size of most of the studies was too small to confirm the efficiency of occupational therapy for stroke patients. Well-designed, randomized studies with a large sample sized clinical trials are required to prove efficiently the efficiency of occupational therapy in stroke patients.An important aim of occupational therapy practitioners is to hold with precious regard a match that proves beneficial to the individual between the person’s abilities, the occupation and the environmental demands (Creek, 2003). The patients that present themselves to the occupational therapist often are suffering from a chronic condition that affects their daily performance (Driessen, 1997). The limitation at the level of activity and participation decrease the level of health (Reilly, 1962). Thus, the performance of active action against the present diseased condition of the patient is an important aspect with which the occupational therapist deals with due concentration and regard.
Relevance to Occupational Therapy
Occupational therapy can be defined as skilled treatments that aid individuals in accomplishing independence in all areas of their lives. Thus, occupational therapy provides the people with the skills that are crucial for independent and satisfying lives. The services provided by occupational therapist includes:
Customized programs of treatment in an attempt to impart improvement in an individual’s ability to perform daily activities. Thus, imparting greater independence to the individual and thereby improving the quality of life.
Evaluations of the working and living place with an aim to present recommendations for adaptation
Assessment of skills of performance and treatment
Recommendations for adaptive equipment and training for efficient usage
Impartment of guidance to members of family and caregivers
The study of occupational therapy practitioners therefore holds the focus of education on the study of human growth and development with specific emphasis on the cognitive, affective, physical and environmental components of illness and injury. The professionals in the field of occupational therapy thus hold the perquisite of having a bachelors of Science degree in occupational therapy.
The present literature review holds its area of focus on addressing the effectiveness of Occupational