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Obesity Increase in Adolescents

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There has been a global increase in the prevalence of obesity and overweight in children and adolescents. As a result of this, obesity is now one of the most chronic disorder in this group even as they transition into adulthood. Obesity in adolescents put them at a higher risk of suffering from sleep-disordered breathing, obstructive sleep apnea, insulin resistance, hypertension and hyperlipidemia (Ahn amp. Nelson, 2015). In the USA, the rate of obesity has increased over the years despite the numerous national health interventions and campaigns target this group. Currently, more than 33% of all school going children are overweight in the USA, while 25% of children aged 2-5 are considered as being overweight and obese (Ahn amp. Nelson,2015).
According to Healthy People 2020, it aims at promoting the health of its citizens and reduce the prevalence of chronic illness resulting from the consumption of unhealthy diets. This will make sure that people have healthy body weight. More importantly, the Congress has raised an alarm in relation to the increasing obesity rates in children and adolescents and this has seen the development of a comprehensive action plan that includes the government, communities, industry, schools, and families in eliminating obesity (Koplan et al., 2004). In the case of health care professionals, they have the ability to ensure they eliminate the disorder in adolescents. This is through encouraging the adolescent and their parents to observe a healthy lifestyle. As such, the Healthy People 2020 guideline on the role of the healthcare professional will align with the health promotion project as it is based on the role of healthcare providers in eliminating the disorder through the creation and dissemination of evidence-based clinical guidelines and other educational content on adolescent obesity reduction (Koplan et al., 2004). These actions called for by Healthy People 2020 will be the foundation of the promotion project.
According to Birken and Hamilton (2014), obesity is determined by calculating the body weight and dividing it by the height or length of a child. The value obtained is then plotted against the specified World Health Organization growth curve. The disorder is linked to adverse health disorders such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Obesity is measured using a fasting lipid profile or screening of children in the USA and Canada respectively. The treatment of obesity is linked to various approaches such as parental involvement and reduced consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages. Reduce television viewing time, increased consumption of vegetables, and engagement in some form of physical activity.
Ahn and Nelson (2015) conducted a study to determine the food consumption eating patterns of children in a daycare setting. According to the researchers, they were able to find out that the environment through which children spend most of their time has a huge influence on their eating behaviors. The researchers also found out that parents have a huge role to pay towards their children’s eating patterns and behaviors. The researchers found out that communication between peers and teachers had a huge influence on the children’s eating patterns. The authoritative and authoritarian feeding styles from teachers were observed and the children reacted more positively to an authoritative feeding style, unlike an authoritarian one whereby they trashed their food when asked to eat food they did not like.