NationalismSule umit06/20/2019Nationalism1.The self-made man idea has a deep foundation on the American Dream. Self-made man concept believed that it was created by Benjamin Franklin, a respected man due to its contribution to the Growth of the United States. Benjamin is one of the Founding fathers of the United States. Franklin described in his autobiography, the emergence of him from a poor unknown young man of a candle maker to being a well established and successful businessman winning him an acknowledgement from members of American Society (Hemenway, 2015). The success that he achieved made him create an archetype of an individual from a humble origin and breaking all odds to achieving a respected social class. Franklin believed education is vital in creating self-improvement. 2.Transcendentalism is a philosophy contributed movement believed to be initiated by Emerson and Fuller. The movement is characterized by the focus of going beyond human knowledge, moving a step higher from our average intellectual level. The important transcendentalists’ beliefs in our society described as the goodness of both men and nature. Religion and political parties categorized as institutional transcendentalists.3.Enlightenment is described as having wisdom, the clear understanding to think and rational reasoning. The first feature associated with the enlightenment period was that people in society are incapable of rational or independent thinking. Lack of rational thoughts in the community contributed by fear, lack of education and element of unwillingness (Hillis, 2015). The second characteristic is that specific events, dates or time did not initiate the enlightenment period but developed through societal assimilation. Education within the period created rational thinking of individuals. The final characteristic is literature, arts and philosophy, which described the prominent writing done on complicated languages like Latin. English, French and German languages used within the period. Literature broadened to scientific, mathematics and economic works. 4.Franklin focused on creating change in the United States, and this was evident based through his experiments and inventions. Franklin was democratically sensible, and he always does what he feels that it is necessary. He championed for various principles including responsibility, curiosity, honesty and persistence and also nurtured entrepreneurial culture (Mosley & Jarpe, 2019). Franklin believed that following all the principles without keeping a strict schedule leads to failure but keeping a tight schedule leads to success.